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J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2018 Oct;86:336-344. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.06.042. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Enhanced bone healing in porous Ti implanted rabbit combining bioactive modification and mechanical stimulation.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory for Space Bioscience and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China.
2
School of Materials Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China.
3
School of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China. Electronic address: wangyanen@nwpu.edu.cn.
4
Key Laboratory for Space Bioscience and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China. Electronic address: lutinglixinxin@nwpu.edu.cn.

Abstract

To improve the bone healing efficiency of porous titanium implants, desired biological properties of implants are mandatory, involving bioactivity, osteoconductivity, osteoinductivity and a stable environment. In this study, bare porous titanium (abbr. pTi) with the porosity of 70% was fabricated by vacuum diffusion bonding of titanium meshes. Hydroxyapatite-coated pTi (abbr. Hap-pTi) was obtained by successively subjecting pTi to alkali heat treatment, pre-calcification and simulated body fluid. Both pTi and Hap-pTi were respectively implanted into the tibia defect model (ϕ10 mm × 6 mm) in New Zealand white rabbits, then subjected to non-invasively axial compressive loads at high-magnitude low-frequency (HMLF), which were denoted as F-pTi and F-Hap-pTi, respectively. Bone repairing efficiencies were analyzed by postoperative X-ray examination, optical observation and HE staining after 14 and 30 days of implantation. ALP and OCN contents in serum were also examined at 30 days. Results showed that the sham group and sham group with mechanical stimulation (abbr. F-sham) preferably caused bone fractures. Qualitatively, Hap-pTi reduced the risk of bone fractures and enhanced bone healing slightly more effectively compared to bared pTi. However, both Hap-pTi combined with mechanical stimulation and F-pTi in the case of bioactive modification could result in a higher bone healing efficiency (F-Hap-pTi). The molecular signaling investigation of ALP and OCN contents in serum further revealed a probable synergistic effect of Hap coating coupling with HMLF compression on improving bone repairing efficiency. It provides a candidate of clinically applicable therapy for osseous defects.

KEYWORDS:

Hydroxyapatite coating; Mechanical stimulation; Porous titanium

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