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J Comp Neurol. 2018 Sep 1;526(13):2099-2114. doi: 10.1002/cne.24495. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Expression profile of the STAND protein Nwd1 in the developing and mature mouse central nervous system.

Author information

1
Laboratory for Molecular Neurobiology, Graduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Saitama, Japan.

Abstract

The orchestrated events required during brain development, as well as the maintenance of adult neuronal plasticity, highly depend on the accurate responses of neuronal cells to various cellular stress or environmental stimuli. Recent studies have defined a previously unrecognized, broad class of multidomain proteins, designated as signal transduction ATPases with numerous domains (STAND), which comprises a large number of proteins, including the apoptotic peptidase activating factor 1 (Apaf1) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptors (NLRs), central players in cell death and innate immune responses, respectively. Although the involvement of STANDs in the central nervous system (CNS) has been postulated in terms of neuronal development and function, it remains largely unclear. Here, we identified Nwd1 (NACHT and WD repeat domain-containing protein 1), as a novel STAND protein, expressed in neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs). Structurally, Nwd1 was most analogous to the apoptosis regulator Apaf1, also involved in mitosis and axonal outgrowth regulation in the CNS. Using a specific antibody, we show that, during the embryonic and postnatal period, Nwd1 is expressed in nestin-positive NSPCs in vivo and in vitro, while postnatally it is found in terminally differentiated neurons and blood vessels. At the subcellular level, we demonstrate that Nwd1 is preferentially located in the cytosolic compartment of cultured NSPCs, partially overlapping with cytochrome c. These observations imply that Nwd1 might be involved in the neuronal lineage as a new STAND gene, including having a pro-apoptotic or nonapoptotic role, similar to Apaf1.

KEYWORDS:

Apaf1; Nwd1; RRID: AB_10598496; RRID: AB_2161024; RRID: AB_2313564; RRID: AB_2314691; RRID: AB_2314882; RRID: AB_2716798; RRID: AB_477010; STAND; central nervous system; neuron; signal transduction ATPases with numerous domains

PMID:
30004576
DOI:
10.1002/cne.24495

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