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Cleve Clin J Med. 2018 Jul;85(7):529-535. doi: 10.3949/ccjm.85a.17070.

'Dry drowning' and other myths.

Szpilman D1,2,3,4, Sempsrott J5,6, Webber J7,8, Hawkins SC9,10,11,12,13, Barcala-Furelos R14,15,16,17, Schmidt A18,19,20, Queiroga AC21,22.

Author information

1
Medical Director of Brazilian Lifesaving Society (SOBRASA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. david@szpilman.com.
2
Rio de Janeiro Municipal Civil Defense, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
3
Drowning Resuscitation Centre, Fire Department of Rio de Janeiro (CBMERJ), Retired, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
4
Co-founder, International Drowning Research Alliance (IDRA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
5
Executive Director, Lifeguards Without Borders, Kuna, ID, USA.
6
International Drowning Research Alliance (Co-founder, USA).
7
Honorary Lecturer, Department of Anaesthesiology, The University of Auckland, New Zealand.
8
International Drowning Research Alliance (Co-founder, New Zealand).
9
Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.
10
Director, Lifeguards Without Borders.
11
Affiliate, International Drowning Research Alliance (USA).
12
Medical Director, Starfish Aquatics Institute, USA.
13
Co-author, Wilderness Medical Society Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Drowning, USA.
14
Faculty of Education and Sports Sciences, University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain.
15
University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
16
International Drowning Research Alliance (Co-founder, Spain).
17
REMOSS Research Group.
18
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, USA.
19
Co-founder, Lifeguards Without Borders.
20
Honorary Member, International Drowning Research Alliance (USA).
21
EPI-Unit, Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
22
International Drowning Research Alliance (Co-founder, Portugal).

Abstract

Drowning is a common and often preventable cause of death, especially in children. The mass media often propagate misinformation about "dry" and "secondary" drowning, diverting attention from appropriate efforts to prevent drowning and rescue and treat those who do drown.

PMID:
30004377
DOI:
10.3949/ccjm.85a.17070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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