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Biochem J. 1985 Nov 1;231(3):729-35.

Molecular cloning and characterization of the complementary DNA and gene coding for the B-chain of subcomponent C1q of the human complement system.


Plasmid clones containing cDNA coding for the B-chain of human Clq were isolated from a liver cDNA library. The longest cDNA insert isolated contained all the coding sequence for amino acid residues B1 to B226 plus a 3' non-translated region of 264 nucleotides that extended into the poly(A) tail, thus accounting for 950 nucleotides of the mRNA. The B-chain mRNA was estimated by Northern-blot analysis to be 1.46 kb (kilobases) long, which indicated that approx. 500 bases were not accounted for in the cDNA clone. A cosmid clone containing the C1q-B chain gene was isolated from a human genomic DNA library. The precise 5' limit of gene was not established, but from the data available it appears that the gene is approx. 2.6 kb long. The coding sequence for residues B1 to B226 in the gene is interrupted by one intron, of 1.1 kb, which is located within the codon coding for glycine at position B36. This glycine residue is located in the middle of the triple-helical regions found in C1q at exactly the position where there is an unusual structural feature, i.e. a bend in each of the helical regions brought about by the interruption of the Gly-Xaa-Yaa repeating triplet sequences in the A- and C-chains and the presence of an 'extra' triplet in the B-chain. Nucleotide sequencing of the 5' end of the gene indicates the presence of a predominantly hydrophobic stretch of 29 amino acids, immediately before residue B1, which could serve as a signal peptide.

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