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J Surg Case Rep. 2018 Jul 9;2018(7):rjy151. doi: 10.1093/jscr/rjy151. eCollection 2018 Jul.

Successful use of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells to correct a male breast affected by Poland Syndrome: a case report.

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Plastic Surgery Clinic, Aesthetic Anaplasis, Athens, Greece.
Theracell Advanced Biotechnology Ltd, Athens, Greece.
Laboratory of Biology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.


Poland syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly in which affected persons are born with missing or underdeveloped muscles on one side of the body. In this case study we present the case of a 28-year-old male with absence of all middle phalanges of the right hand and other rare anomalies, who underwent reconstruction with a new method that combines a mixture of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells and fat transfer. The patient's restoration of the pectoralis area was aesthetically successful with no complications and remained unchanged even after 3.5 years. The proposed method represents an interesting reconstructive approach for treating Poland's syndrome deformities.

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