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Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2018 Aug;28 Suppl 1:61-73. doi: 10.1111/sms.13242. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Football training over 5 years is associated with preserved femoral bone mineral density in men with prostate cancer.

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University Hospitals Centre for Health Research (UCSF), Rigshospitalet, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Odense, Denmark.
Department of Urology, Copenhagen Prostate Cancer Center, Rigshospitalet, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Center for Healthy Aging, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Department of Oncology, Rigshospitalet, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.


This study investigated the association between long-term adherence to football training and retaining bone mineralization and physical capacity in men with prostate cancer (PCa) managed with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Patients completing follow-up at 32 weeks in the FC Prostate Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) in 2012 or 2013 were invited to 5-year follow-up assessments in May 2017 (n = 30). Changes in physiological outcomes over time between the football participants (FTG) and nonparticipants (CON) were examined. Twenty-two men accepted the invitation of which 11, aged 71.3 ± 3.8 years, had continued to play self-organized football 1.7 (SD 0.5) times per week for 4½ years (±8 months). At 5 years, right femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) had improved significantly in the FTG compared to CON (P = .028). No other significant between-group differences were observed. In FTG, RHR decreased by 4.3 bpm (P = .009) with no changes in CON. Muscle mass, knee-extensor muscle strength, VO2 max, and postural balance decreased in both groups. In FTG, the fraction of training time with HR between 80%-90% or >90% of HRmax was 29.9% (SD 20.6) and 22.8% (SD 28.7), respectively. Average distance covered during 3 × 20 minutes of football training was 2524 m (SD 525). Football training over a 5-year period was associated with preserved femoral neck BMD in elderly men with PCa managed on ADT. Intensity during football training was >80% of HRmax for 51% of training time after 5 years. Body composition and physical capacity deteriorated over 5 years regardless of football participation.


androgen deprivation therapy; bone mineral density; exercise intensity; long-term follow-up; physical activity; soccer; sport

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