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Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2018 Aug;28 Suppl 1:61-73. doi: 10.1111/sms.13242. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Football training over 5 years is associated with preserved femoral bone mineral density in men with prostate cancer.

Author information

1
University Hospitals Centre for Health Research (UCSF), Rigshospitalet, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
2
Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Odense, Denmark.
3
Department of Urology, Copenhagen Prostate Cancer Center, Rigshospitalet, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
4
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Center for Healthy Aging, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
5
Department of Oncology, Rigshospitalet, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
6
Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
7
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
8
Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

Abstract

This study investigated the association between long-term adherence to football training and retaining bone mineralization and physical capacity in men with prostate cancer (PCa) managed with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Patients completing follow-up at 32 weeks in the FC Prostate Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) in 2012 or 2013 were invited to 5-year follow-up assessments in May 2017 (n = 30). Changes in physiological outcomes over time between the football participants (FTG) and nonparticipants (CON) were examined. Twenty-two men accepted the invitation of which 11, aged 71.3 ± 3.8 years, had continued to play self-organized football 1.7 (SD 0.5) times per week for 4½ years (±8 months). At 5 years, right femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) had improved significantly in the FTG compared to CON (P = .028). No other significant between-group differences were observed. In FTG, RHR decreased by 4.3 bpm (P = .009) with no changes in CON. Muscle mass, knee-extensor muscle strength, VO2 max, and postural balance decreased in both groups. In FTG, the fraction of training time with HR between 80%-90% or >90% of HRmax was 29.9% (SD 20.6) and 22.8% (SD 28.7), respectively. Average distance covered during 3 × 20 minutes of football training was 2524 m (SD 525). Football training over a 5-year period was associated with preserved femoral neck BMD in elderly men with PCa managed on ADT. Intensity during football training was >80% of HRmax for 51% of training time after 5 years. Body composition and physical capacity deteriorated over 5 years regardless of football participation.

KEYWORDS:

androgen deprivation therapy; bone mineral density; exercise intensity; long-term follow-up; physical activity; soccer; sport

PMID:
30001572
DOI:
10.1111/sms.13242
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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