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Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2018 Jul 9. doi: 10.4103/ijdvl.IJDVL_1130_16. [Epub ahead of print]

Autologous noncultured melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation in stable vitiligo: A randomized comparative study of recipient site preparation by two techniques.

Author information

1
Skinnovation Clinics, Maulana Azad Medical College, Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Dermatology, Maulana Azad Medical College, Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Background:

Accurate preparation of recipient area is a critical step in melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation procedure for vitiligo. It is an important potential step for adaptation in the quest to achieve better results and ablative lasers potentially offer excellent precision over margin and depth control in achieving that.

Objective:

To compare between the two techniques used for recipient site preparation: Er:YAG laser ablation and mechanical dermabrasion for melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation procedure in terms of re-pigmentation achieved and adverse effects seen.

Methods:

A randomized comparative trial was performed among 32 patients of stable vitiligo undergoing melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation procedure. In Group A (n = 15), recipient site preparation was done with Er:YAG laser, and in Group B (n = 17), it was done with a motorized dermabrader. Patients of both groups were objectively assessed for re-pigmentation at 1, 3 and 6 months.

Results:

A total of 253.696 cm2 of depigmented surface was operated upon and re-pigmentation of 125.359 cm2 (49.4%) was achieved. On comparison between two groups, no statistical difference was found with respect to total re-pigmentation achieved (Group A: 54.67% vs Group B: 48.841%, P = 0.663) and grades of re-pigmentation achieved (P = 0.796). Occurrence of adverse events was also statistically similar in both the groups.

Conclusion:

This study did not reveal any statistically different outcome (in terms of re-pigmentation and adverse effects) between the two methods of recipient site preparation - motorized dermabrasion and Er:YAG ablation.

Limitations:

This study is small and larger studies are needed to ascertain the benefit of Er:YAG for recipient site preparation. Future studies may also ascertain variables such as time taken to prepare the recipient area, nature of bleeding, postoperative healing, difficulties in specific area, cost of the procedure, patient comfort and ease of the surgeon, rather than comparing the re-pigmentation alone.

KEYWORDS:

Erbium-doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet; National Center for Education Statistics; melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation procedure; vitiligo surgery

PMID:
29998861
DOI:
10.4103/ijdvl.IJDVL_1130_16
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