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J Neuroendocrinol. 2018 Jul 12:e12633. doi: 10.1111/jne.12633. [Epub ahead of print]

Role of AMPA and NMDA receptors on vasopressin and oxytocin secretion induced by hypertonic extracellular volume expansion.

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Department of Physiology Ribeirão, Preto Medical School, São Paulo University, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.
Department of Physiological Sciences, Institute of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


Vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) are essential for the control of extracellular fluid osmolality and volume. Secretion of these hormones is modulated by several mechanisms, including NMDA and AMPA L-glutamate receptors in magnocellular cells of paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic (SON) hypothalamic nuclei. Thus, to better understand the participation of L-glutamate on the neuroendocrine control of AVP and OT, this work evaluated the effects of intracerebroventricular (icv) NMDA and AMPA receptor antagonists on plasma AVP and OT levels induced by extracellular volume expansion (EVE). Cannulated rats received icv NMDA (AP5) and AMPA (NBQX) antagonists in 10 and 30nmol/5μl/rat doses and were subjected to either isotonic (0.15 M NaCl, 2ml/100g) or hypertonic (0.30 M NaCl, 2ml/100g) EVE. Blood samples were collected for plasma AVP and OT determination. Isotonic EVE did not change plasma AVP and OT levels, but hypertonic EVE increased both AVP and OT plasma levels. AP5 reduced plasma AVP, but it did not change the OT level induced by hypertonic EVE. On the other hand, NBQX reduced plasma OT, but did not alter the AVP plasma level. Our data shows that L-glutamate controls the secretion of neurohypophyseal hormones through the NMDA receptor for AVP release, and through the AMPA receptor for OT release, both in response to hypertonic EVE. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


L-glutamate; extracellular volume; neurohypophysis; plasma osmolality


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