Send to

Choose Destination
Cell Cycle. 2018;17(14):1797-1811. doi: 10.1080/15384101.2018.1496748. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 suppresses fibrosarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma tumour cell growth.

Author information

a Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology , Lomonosov Moscow State University , Moscow , Russia.
b Cancerogenesis Research Institute, Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center , Moscow , Russia.
c Faculty of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics , Lomonosov Moscow State University , Moscow , Russia.


Mitochondria are important regulators of tumour growth and progression due to their specific role in cancer metabolism and modulation of apoptotic pathways. In this paper we describe that mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 designed as a conjugate of decyl-triphenylphosphonium cation (TPP+) with plastoquinone, suppressed the growth of fibrosarcoma HT1080 and rhabdomyosarcoma RD tumour cells in culture and tumour growth of RD in xenograft nude mouse model. Under the same conditions, no detrimental effect of SkQ1 on cell growth of primary human subcutaneous fibroblasts was observed. The tumour growth suppression was shown to be a result of the antioxidant action of low nanomolar concentrations of SkQ1. We have revealed significant prolongation of mitosis induced by SkQ1 in both tumour cell cultures. Prolonged mitosis and apoptosis could be responsible for growth suppression after SkQ1 treatment in RD cells. Growth suppression in HT1080 cells was accompanied by the delay of telophase and cytokinesis, followed by multinuclear cells formation. The effects of SkQ1 on the cell cycle were proved to be at least partially mediated by inactivation of Aurora family kinases.


TPP+: Triphenylphosphonium cation; ROS: Reactive oxygen species; mtROS: Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species; NAC: N-acetyl-L-cysteine; DCFH-DA: Dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate; APC: Anaphase promoting complex; ABPs: Actin-binding proteins; DMEM: Dulbecco's modified Eagle media; SDS: sodium dodecyl sulfate; HEPES: 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid.


Aurora family kinases; Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species; SkQ1; mitochondria-targeted antioxidant

[Available on 2019-07-31]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center