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Curr Nutr Rep. 2018 Jul 11. doi: 10.1007/s13668-018-0228-z. [Epub ahead of print]

Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni and Its Effects in Human Disease: Emphasizing Its Role in Inflammation, Atherosclerosis and Metabolic Syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Rutgers University, 150 Bergen St, Newark, NJ, 07101, USA. er520@njms.rutgers.edu.
2
Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, School of Medicine, University of Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela. er520@njms.rutgers.edu.
3
Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, School of Medicine, University of Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.
4
Investigation Group High Studies of Frontier, Simón Bolívar University, Barranquilla, Colombia.
5
Department of Medicine, Rutgers University, 150 Bergen St, Newark, NJ, 07101, USA.
6
Endocrinology and Nutrition Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.
7
Department of Medicine, St. Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA.
8
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
9
Biology Department, Lone Star College, Tomball, TX, USA.
10
Nutrition School of Andres Bello University, Concepcion, Chile.
11
Investigation Group for Innovations and Entrepreneurship, Simon Bolivar University, Barranquilla, Colombia.
12
Faculty of Health Sciences, Research, Innovation and Development Department, Simón Bolívar University, Barranquilla, Colombia.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is a perennial shrub with zero calorie content that has been increasing in popularity for its potential use as an adjuvant in the treatment of obesity. The level of evidence supporting general benefits to human health is insufficient. We conducted a review of the literature summarizing the current knowledge and role in human disease.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Despite stevia's minimal systemic absorption, studies have been promising regarding its potential benefits against inflammation, carcinogenesis, atherosclerosis glucose control, and hypertension. On the other hand, the growing popularity of artificial sweeteners does not correlate with improved trends in obesity. An increased intake of artificial non-caloric sweeteners may not be associated with decreased intake of traditional sugar-sweetened beverages and foods. The effects of Stevia on weight change have been linked to bacteria in the intestinal microbiome, mainly by affecting Clostridium and Bacteroides sp.

POPULATIONS:

A growing body of evidence indicates that Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is protective against malignant conversion by inhibition of DNA replication in human cancer cell growth in vitro. Consumption of Stevia has demonstrated to be generally safe in most reports. Further clinical studies are warranted to determine if regular consumption brings sustained benefits for human health.

KEYWORDS:

Hypertension; Obesity; Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni; Type 2 diabetes

PMID:
29995279
DOI:
10.1007/s13668-018-0228-z

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