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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1977 Jan;74(1):211-5.

Density of sodium channels in mammalian myelinated nerve fibers and nature of the axonal membrane under the myelin sheath.

Abstract

The density of sodium channels in mammalian myelinated fibers has been estimated from measurements of the binding of [3H]saxitoxin to rabbit sciatic nerve. Binding both to intact and to homogenized nerve consists of a linear, nonspecific, component and a saturable component that represents binding to the sodium channel. The maximum saturable binding capacity in intact nerve is 19.9 +/- 1.9 fmol-mg wet-1; the equilibrium dissociation constant, Kt, is 3.4 +/- 2.0 nM. Homogenization makes little difference, the maximum binding capacity being 19.9 +/- 1.5 fmol-mg wet-1 with Kt = 1.3 +/- 0.7 nM. These values correspond to a density of about 700,000 sodium channels per node--i.e., about 12,000 per mum2 of nodal membrane. From the difference between the values of maximum saturable binding capacity in intact and homogenized preparation, given the statistical uncertainty of their estimate, it seems that the internodal membrane can have no more than about 25 channels per mum2. The significance of these findings for saltatory conduction and in demyelinating disease is discussed.

PMID:
299947
PMCID:
PMC393228
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.74.1.211
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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