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J Ultrastruct Res. 1985 Feb;90(2):194-202.

The role of liver endothelium in the binding and uptake of ceruloplasmin: studies with colloidal gold probe.


To determine the mode of uptake of ceruloplasmin (CP) by liver, the protein was labeled with colloidal gold and infused into the portal vein. In cold almost all probes bound to the sinusoidal endothelium, and at 37 degrees C internalization via a system of coated pits and vesicles occurred. Only rarely did the probe appear to bypass the endothelium, moving to the abluminal side through the gaps between endothelial cells. In the endothelial cytoplasm, the probe was seen in coated vesicles, endosomes, tubules, and large vesicles which may have formed by fusion of endosomes and tubules. Moreover, externalization of the probe to the abluminal side was noted, and this also occurred via a system of coated vesicles. The findings suggest that the uptake of CP in the liver may be primarily a transendothelial phenomenon (transcytosis).

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