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Pediatr Obes. 2018 Oct;13 Suppl 1:14-26. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12440. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Associations of community programs and policies with children's dietary intakes: the Healthy Communities Study.

Author information

1
Nutrition Policy Institute, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA.
2
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
3
Center for Community Health and Development, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.
4
Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.
5
Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.
6
Health Analytics Hub, LLC, Lewis Center, Ohio, USA.
7
Battelle Health and Analytics, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
8
Battelle Health and Analytics, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
9
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The impact of community-based obesity prevention efforts on child nutrition has not been adequately studied.

OBJECTIVE:

Examine relationships between number, type and intensity of community programs and policies (CPPs) and child nutrition.

METHODS:

An observational study of 5138 children (grades K-8) in 130 U.S. communities was conducted in 2013-2015. CPPs were identified by 10-14 key informant interviews per community. CPPs were characterized based on: count, intensity, number of different strategies used and number of different behaviours targeted. Scores for the prior 6 years were calculated separately for CPPs that addressed primarily nutrition, primarily physical activity (PA) or total combined. Child intakes were calculated from a dietary screener and dietary behaviours were based on survey responses. Multi-level statistical models assessed associations between CPP indices and nutrition measures, adjusting for child and community-level covariates.

RESULTS:

Implementing more types of strategies across all CPPs was related to lower intakes of total added sugar (when CPPs addressed primarily PA), sugar-sweetened beverages (for nutrition and PA CPPs) and energy-dense foods of minimal nutritional value (for total CPPs). Addressing more behaviours was related to higher intakes of fruit and vegetables (for nutrition and total CPPs) and fibre (total CPPs). Higher count and intensity (PA and total CPPs) were related to more consumption of lower fat compared with higher fat milk. A higher count (PA CPPs) was related to fewer energy-dense foods and whole grains. No other relationships were significant at P < 0.05.

CONCLUSION:

Multiple characteristics of CPPs to prevent obesity appear important to improve children's diets.

KEYWORDS:

Childhood; community; nutrition; obesity

PMID:
29992795
PMCID:
PMC6197888
DOI:
10.1111/ijpo.12440
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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