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Infection. 2018 Jul 10. doi: 10.1007/s15010-018-1176-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Charité Hospital and infectious diseases.

Author information

1
Legal Medicine Section, Department of Public Health and Paediatric Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. raffaella.bianucci@unito.it.
2
Warwick Medical School, Microbiology and Infection Unit, The University of Warwick, Warwick, UK. raffaella.bianucci@unito.it.
3
UMR 7268, Laboratoire d'Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Etique & Santé (Adés), Faculté de Médecine de Marseille, Marseille, France. raffaella.bianucci@unito.it.
4
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.
5
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
6
Section of Medical and Forensic Anthropology (UVSQ DANTE Laboratory EA 4498), Montigny-Le-Bretonneux, France.
7
CASH & IPES, Nanterre, France.
8
Department of Medicine, San Giovanni di Dio Hospital, Gorizia, Italy.
9
New Mexico Health Enhancement and Marathon Clinics Research Foundation, Albuquerque, NM, USA.
10
New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Abstract

Films are useful for medical education and introduce Science fiction movies or historic documentaries and pioneering scientists who developed the field of infectious disease research. Between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, expert talents such as von Behring, Koch, and Ehrlich were present at the Charité Hospital. These individuals contributed significantly to the scientific study of infections, their prevention, treatment, and social impact. Here, we compare the relative impact of infectious disease research centers during the study period (late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries) by assuming that the number of publications listed on Wikipedia about the individual scientists working in London, Paris, and Berlin is Poisson distributed. We show that using reference counts that appear after individuals' names on Wikipedia is a useful tool to assess the impact of centers of excellence in the study of infectious diseases. However, the accumulation of talent in Berlin during a relatively short period, even though historically the protagonists did not interact or support each other, lead to greater advances in the treatment and prevention of infections in humans than the work of individuals such as Pasteur in Paris or Lister in London.

KEYWORDS:

Excellence centers; Infectivology; Narrative medicine; Statistics

PMID:
29992523
DOI:
10.1007/s15010-018-1176-7

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