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J Biol Chem. 1985 Dec 25;260(30):16250-4.

Mitochondrial uncoupling protein from mouse brown fat. Molecular cloning, genetic mapping, and mRNA expression.


We have identified cDNAs clones for several cold-inducible mRNAs from the brown adipose tissue of mice. pCIN-1, a plasmid with a 900-base pair insert, encoded the mitochondrial uncoupling protein (UCP) as determined by the ability of the cDNA insert to select, by hybridization, an mRNA that could be translated into a 32,000-Da protein immunoprecipitable with anti-UCP antibodies. Nine tissues were analyzed; however, UCP cDNA hybridized to an mRNA species of 1.6 and 2.0 kilobase pairs only in brown adipose tissue. A maximum induction of 10-fold occurred within 6 h of exposure to cold (5 degrees C). A BamHI restriction fragment polymorphism detected by Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA in recombinant inbred mouse strains allowed us to map the UCP gene to Chromosome 8. The analysis of the UCP gene expression in diabetic (db) and obese (ob) mice maintained at 27 degrees C for 3 days followed by cold exposure for 4 h at 5 degrees C indicated that UCP mRNA levels in mutant mice were unaffected at 27 degrees C and only slightly reduced at 5 degrees C. Accordingly, the inability of diabetic and obese mice to thermoregulate is not associated with a lack of UCP mRNA induction.

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