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J Clin Sleep Med. 2018 Jul 15;14(7):1231-1237. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.7230.

Use of Actigraphy for the Evaluation of Sleep Disorders and Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders: An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Clinical Practice Guideline.

Author information

1
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
2
University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.
3
Stanford Center for Sleep Sciences and Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.
4
David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.
5
VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Los Angeles, California.
6
American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Darien, Illinois.
7
Saint Thomas Medical Partners-Sleep Specialists, Nashville, Tennessee.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The purpose of this guideline is to establish clinical practice recommendations for the use of actigraphy in adult and pediatric patients with suspected or diagnosed sleep disorders or circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders.

METHODS:

The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) commissioned a task force of experts in sleep medicine to develop recommendations and assigned strengths based on a systematic review of the literature and an assessment of the evidence using the GRADE process. The task force provided a summary of the relevant literature and the quality of evidence, the balance of benefits and harms, patient values and preferences, and resource use considerations that support the recommendations. The AASM Board of Directors approved the final recommendations.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following recommendations are intended as a guide for clinicians using actigraphy in evaluating patients with sleep disorders and circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, and only apply to the use of FDA-approved devices. Each recommendation statement is assigned a strength ("Strong" or "Conditional"). A "Strong" recommendation (ie, "We recommend…") is one that clinicians should follow under most circumstances. A "Conditional" recommendation (ie, "We suggest…") reflects a lower degree of certainty regarding the outcome and appropriateness of the patient-care strategy for all patients. The ultimate judgment regarding any specific care must be made by the treating clinician and the patient, taking into consideration the individual circumstances of the patient, available treatment options, and resources. We suggest that clinicians use actigraphy to estimate sleep parameters in adult patients with insomnia disorder. (Conditional). We suggest that clinicians use actigraphy in the assessment of pediatric patients with insomnia disorder. (Conditional). We suggest that clinicians use actigraphy in the assessment of adult patients with circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder. (Conditional). We suggest that clinicians use actigraphy in the assessment of pediatric patients with circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder. (Conditional). We suggest that clinicians use actigraphy integrated with home sleep apnea test devices to estimate total sleep time during recording (in the absence of alternative objective measurements of total sleep time) in adult patients suspected of sleep-disordered breathing. (Conditional). We suggest that clinicians use actigraphy to monitor total sleep time prior to testing with the Multiple Sleep Latency Test in adult and pediatric patients with suspected central disorders of hypersomnolence. (Conditional). We suggest that clinicians use actigraphy to estimate total sleep time in adult patients with suspected insufficient sleep syndrome. (Conditional). We recommend that clinicians not use actigraphy in place of electromyography for the diagnosis of periodic limb movement disorder in adult and pediatric patients. (Strong).

KEYWORDS:

actigraphy; circadian rhythm; clinical practice guideline; sleep disorder

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