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Cell Transplant. 2018 Aug;27(8):1249-1255. doi: 10.1177/0963689718784957. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Novel Bivalent and D-Peptide Ligands of CXCR4 Mobilize Hematopoietic Progenitor Cells to the Blood in C3H/HeJ Mice.

Author information

1
1 School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
2
2 Nobel Institute of Biomedicine, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.
3
3 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.
4
4 Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Abstract

The interaction of SDF-1α (also known as CXCL12) with the CXCR4 receptor plays a critical role in the retention of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in bone marrow. The viral macrophage inflammatory protein-II (vMIP-II), a human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8)-encoded viral chemokine, can bind the CXCR4 receptor and inhibit endogenous ligand-induced calcium responses and cell migration. Previously, we used the bivalent ligand approach to link synthetically two unnatural D-amino acid peptides derived from the N-terminus of vMIP-II (DV1 and DV3, respectively) to generate a dimeric peptide, DV1-K-(DV3) (also named HC4319), which shows very high affinity for CXCR4. Here, we studied the biological effects of this dimeric peptide, HC4319, and its monomeric counterpart, DV1, on SDF-1α-induced signaling in CXCR4- or CXCR7-transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells and mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) in C3H/HeJ mice using an HPC assay. HC4319 and DV1 inhibited significantly the phosphorylation of Akt and Erk, known to be downstream signaling events of CXCR4. This in vivo study in C3H/HeJ mice showed that HC4319 and DV-1 strongly induced rapid mobilization of granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming units (CFUs), erythrocyte burst-forming units, and granulocyte-erythrocyte-monocyte-megakaryocyte CFUs from the bone marrow to the blood. These results provide the first reported experimental evidence that bivalent and D-amino acid peptides derived from the N-terminus of vMIP-II are potent mobilizers of HPCs in C3H/HeJ mice and support the further development of such agents for clinical application.

KEYWORDS:

CXCL12; CXCR4; hematopoietic progenitor cells; mobilization

PMID:
29991278
DOI:
10.1177/0963689718784957

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