Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2018 Oct 30;162:253-260. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.06.094. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Removal of Cd(II) and Fe(III) from DMSO by silica gel supported PAMAM dendrimers: Equilibrium, thermodynamics, kinetics and mechanism.

Author information

1
School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China.
2
School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Shandong Province for High Performance Fibers and Their Composites, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China. Electronic address: niuyuzhong@126.com.
3
School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Shandong Province for High Performance Fibers and Their Composites, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China.

Abstract

A series of silica gel supported amino-terminated PAMAM dendrimers (SG-G1.0 - SG-G3.0) were used for the removal of Cd(II) and Fe(III) from dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). Various parameters that influence adsorption behaviors including temperature, contact time, and initial metal ion concentration were studied. The adsorption mechanism was revealed by combining the results of experiment and density functional theory (DFT) calculation. It indicates that the adsorption capacities for Cd(II) and Fe(III) are largest among the metal ions tested. The adsorption capacity of SG-G1.0 - SG-3.0 for Cd(II) and Fe(III) follows the order of SG-G2.0 > SG-3.0 > SG-G1.0. The adsorption isotherm shows the adsorption capacities for both metal ions increases with raising the temperature and initial metal ion concentration. The adsorption isotherm is consistent with Langmuir model and the adsorption process is dominated by chemical adsorption mechanism. Thermodynamic parameters indicates that the adsorption for both Cd(II) and Fe(III) is spontaneous and endothermic. Kinetic adsorption indicates that the adsorption equilibrium times for Cd(II) and Fe(III) is about 200 and 350 min, respectively, which can be described by a pseudo-second-order model and controlled by film diffusion process. FTIR analysis and theoretical calculation revealed that the carbonyl O atoms, secondary amine N atoms, and primary amine N atoms are the primary factor responsible for PAMAM adsorption by forming tetra- and penta-coordinated chelates with metal ions.

KEYWORDS:

Adsorption; DFT; DMSO; Metal ion; PAMAM dendrimer; Silica-gel

PMID:
29990738
DOI:
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.06.094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center