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IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2018 Sep;22(5):1486-1496. doi: 10.1109/JBHI.2017.2769800. Epub 2017 Nov 3.

Transfer Learning for Multicenter Classification of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease that can be quantified using chest computed tomography scans. Recent studies have shown that COPD can be automatically diagnosed using weakly supervised learning of intensity and texture distributions. However, up till now such classifiers have only been evaluated on scans from a single domain, and it is unclear whether they would generalize across domains, such as different scanners or scanning protocols. To address this problem, we investigate classification of COPD in a multicenter dataset with a total of 803 scans from three different centers, four different scanners, with heterogenous subject distributions. Our method is based on Gaussian texture features, and a weighted logistic classifier, which increases the weights of samples similar to the test data. We show that Gaussian texture features outperform intensity features previously used in multicenter classification tasks. We also show that a weighting strategy based on a classifier that is trained to discriminate between scans from different domains can further improve the results. To encourage further research into transfer learning methods for the classification of COPD, upon acceptance of this paper we will release two feature datasets used in this study on http://bigr.nl/research/projects/copd.

PMID:
29990220
DOI:
10.1109/JBHI.2017.2769800

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