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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018 Aug 27;62(9). pii: e01016-18. doi: 10.1128/AAC.01016-18. Print 2018 Sep.

In Vitro and In Vivo Characterization of NOSO-502, a Novel Inhibitor of Bacterial Translation.

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Nosopharm, Nîmes, France.
Emerging Antibiotic Resistance Unit, National Reference Center for Emerging Antibiotic Resistance, INSERM European Unit (LEA Paris, IAME, France), University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.
Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Nosopharm, Nîmes, France


Antibacterial activity screening of a collection of Xenorhabdus strains led to the discovery of the odilorhabdins, a new antibiotic class with broad-spectrum activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens. Odilorhabdins inhibit bacterial translation by a new mechanism of action on ribosomes. A lead optimization program identified NOSO-502 as a promising candidate. NOSO-502 has MIC values ranging from 0.5 to 4 μg/ml against standard Enterobacteriaceae strains and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) isolates that produce KPC, AmpC, or OXA enzymes and metallo-β-lactamases. In addition, this compound overcomes multiple chromosome-encoded or plasmid-mediated resistance mechanisms of acquired resistance to colistin. It is effective in mouse systemic infection models against Escherichia coli EN122 (extended-spectrum β-lactamase [ESBL]) or E. coli ATCC BAA-2469 (NDM-1), achieving a 50% effective dose (ED50) of 3.5 mg/kg of body weight and 1-, 2-, and 3-log reductions in blood burden at 2.6, 3.8, and 5.9 mg/kg, respectively, in the first model and 100% survival in the second, starting with a dose as low as 4 mg/kg. In a urinary tract infection (UTI) model with E. coli UTI89, urine, bladder, and kidney burdens were reduced by 2.39, 1.96, and 1.36 log10 CFU/ml, respectively, after injection of 24 mg/kg. There was no cytotoxicity against HepG2, HK-2, or human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (HRPTEpiC), no inhibition of hERG-CHO or Nav 1.5-HEK current, and no increase of micronuclei at 512 μM. NOSO-502, a compound with a new mechanism of action, is active against Enterobacteriaceae, including all classes of CRE, has a low potential for resistance development, shows efficacy in several mouse models, and has a favorable in vitro safety profile.


bacterial translation; carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae; inhibitor; preclinical candidate

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