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Brain Res. 1985 Oct 14;345(1):87-101.

Distribution of corticocortical and thalamocortical synapses on identified motor cortical neurons in the cat: Golgi, electron microscopic and degeneration study.

Abstract

Details of the terminal connection of corticocortical and thalamocortical fibers on pyramidal and stellate neurons in the cat motor cortex were studied using the electron microscope in combination with the Golgi and axonal degeneration techniques. Corticocortical terminals were examined in 23 identified neurons of which 11 were pyramidal and 12 were stellate. Stellate neurons located in layer III received many degenerating terminals (average 8.4 +/- 2.2 per unit length of dendrite (ULD)) and the majority of these (95%) were found on the proximal dendrites or on the cell bodies. The pyramidal neurons received fewer degenerating terminals (average 2.1 +/- 0.27/ULD) and these were located on more distal dendritic shafts or on dendritic spines. The majority of these synapses were of the asymmetric type. Thalamocortical terminals were examined in 9 pyramidal and 9 stellate neurons. Pyramidal neurons received many terminals (average 6.0 +/- 1.23/ULD) and these were found on the basal as well as the apical dendrites and on dendrite spines. Stellate neurons received fewer terminals (average 4.2 +/- 0.64/ULD) and were located primarily on proximal dendritic shafts. The majority of these synapses were of the asymmetric type. The functional role of these synapses is discussed in relation to the physiological results reported in the preceding paper.

PMID:
2998551
DOI:
10.1016/0006-8993(85)90839-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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