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Elife. 2018 Jul 9;7. pii: e36095. doi: 10.7554/eLife.36095.

JNK signaling triggers spermatogonial dedifferentiation during chronic stress to maintain the germline stem cell pool in the Drosophila testis.

Author information

1
New York University School of Medicine, New York, United States.
2
Helen L. and Martin S. Kimmel Center for Stem Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, United States.

Abstract

Exhaustion of stem cells is a hallmark of aging. In the Drosophila testis, dedifferentiated germline stem cells (GSCs) derived from spermatogonia increase during lifespan, leading to the model that dedifferentiation counteracts the decline of GSCs in aged males. To test this, we blocked dedifferentiation by mis-expressing the differentiation factor bag of marbles (bam) in spermatogonia while lineage-labeling these cells. Strikingly, blocking bam-lineage dedifferentiation under normal conditions in virgin males has no impact on the GSC pool. However, in mated males or challenging conditions, inhibiting bam-lineage dedifferentiation markedly reduces the number of GSCs and their ability to proliferate and differentiate. We find that bam-lineage derived GSCs have significantly higher proliferation rates than sibling GSCs in the same testis. We determined that Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activity is autonomously required for bam-lineage dedifferentiation. Overall, we show that dedifferentiation provides a mechanism to maintain the germline and ensure fertility under chronically stressful conditions.

KEYWORDS:

D. melanogaster; Jun N-terminal kinase; aging; dedifferentiation; developmental biology; differentiation; germline stem cell; regenerative medicine; stem cells; testis

PMID:
29985130
PMCID:
PMC6070334
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.36095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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