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Respir Med Case Rep. 2018 May 17;24:143-146. doi: 10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.05.016. eCollection 2018.

Sarcomatoid Carcinoma of the Lung Presenting as Localized Bronchiectasis: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Northwell Health Staten Island University Hospital, 475 Seaview Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10305, USA.
2
Department of Pulmonary/Critical Care, Northwell Health Staten Island University Hospital, 475 Seaview Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10305, USA.
3
Department of Hematology/Oncology, Northwell Health Staten Island University Hospital, 475 Seaview Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10305, USA.
4
Department of Medicine, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, State Highway 16A, Rohtak, Haryana, 124514, India.
5
Department of Pathology, Northwell Health Staten Island University Hospital, 475 Seaview Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10305, USA.

Abstract

Sarcomatoid carcinoma (SC) of the lung is a rare and aggressive biphasic lung tumor with a 5-year survival of 20%. Early detection and treatment is the only way to improve outcomes in patients with SC of the lung. We present a case of primary SC identified early based on high suspicion. A 56-year-old female with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presented with hemoptysis and exertional dyspnea. Chest X-ray revealed right upper lobe (RUL) opacity and patient was started on antibiotics for pneumonia. Due to the persistence of hemoptysis, a computed tomography scan was performed which showed RUL bronchiectasis with scattered nodular opacities suggestive of an infectious process. The patient underwent bronchoscopy which revealed a pedunculated mass in the RUL biopsy of which was consistent with poorly differentiated SC. Positron-emission tomography scan revealed Flourdeoxyglucose-avid right peri-hilar mass and another nodule in the RUL. The patient was not a surgical candidate because of severe COPD and was started on chemoradiation therapy. SC of the lung can have various presentations and is usually detected at a later stage and hence, difficult to treat. Our case highlights the importance of critical thinking and prompt diagnostic evaluation in high-risk patients with localized bronchiectasis even without an obvious lung mass on imaging.

KEYWORDS:

Biphasic; Bronchiectasis; Carcinoma; Sarcomatoid

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