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Vet Microbiol. 2018 Jul;221:19-26. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.05.012. Epub 2018 May 24.

Porcine epidemic diarrhea vaccine evaluation using a newly isolated strain from Korea.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Infectious Disease, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, Republic of Korea; Research Institute of Veterinary Medicine, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-764, Republic of Korea.
2
Laboratory of Infectious Disease, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, Republic of Korea.
3
Woogene B&G Co, Ltd., Yesan, Republic of Korea.
4
Laboratory of Infectious Disease, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, Republic of Korea; Research Institute of Veterinary Medicine, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-764, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: shin0089@cnu.ac.kr.

Abstract

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) infects pigs and causes an enteric disease that is characterized by vomiting and watery diarrhea. PEDV outbreaks have a tremendous financial impact on the worldwide pork industry. In South Korea, the incidence of PEDV has continued despite nationwide use of attenuated and inactivated vaccines, raising questions regarding the current vaccines' efficacy and the need for new vaccine development. In the present study, we isolated a new Korean PEDV epidemic strain, PED-CUP-B2014, in Vero cells. Phylogenetic analysis of the spike gene demonstrated that the PED-CUP-B2014 belongs in genogroup G2b and is close to PEDVs currently circulating in many countries including the United States, and is distinct from many current vaccine strains. Upon serial passages into Vero cells, PED-CUP-B2014 adapted to Vero cells, which was evidenced as higher virus growth in Vero cells and confirmed lower virulence in suckling piglets. The administration of the inactivated 65-passaged PED-CUP-B2014 to sows greatly increased the survival rate of their offspring and significantly reduced diarrhea severity after PEDV challenge. Higher serum/colostrum PEDV-specific antibodies and higher neutralizing titers were shown in sows vaccinated with PED-CUP-B2014 compared to unvaccinated sows or sows administered commercial PEDV vaccine. Altogether, our data demonstrated that the newly isolated PEDV strain conferred critical passive immune protection to pigs against epidemic PEDV infection.

KEYWORDS:

Field isolate; Neutralizing antibody; Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus; Vaccine

PMID:
29981703
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.05.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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