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Can J Public Health. 2018 Aug;109(4):516-526. doi: 10.17269/s41997-018-0071-4. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Association between sleep and overweight/obesity among women of childbearing age in Canada.

Author information

1
Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. lydi-anne.vezina-im@bcm.edu.
2
Graduate School of Urban Planning and Land Management, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
3
Evaluation Platform on Obesity Prevention, Quebec Heart and Lung Research Institute, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
4
Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Tests of the relationship between sleep and overweight/obesity (OW/OB) among women have been inconsistent. Few studies reporting such associations have focused on women of childbearing age. This paper investigates this association among Canadian women of childbearing age.

METHODS:

Data were from the Canadian Community Health Survey 2011-2014. The sample consisted of women aged 18-44 years. All variables were self-reported. Sleep duration was dichotomized as insufficient (< 7 h/night) or adequate (≥ 7 h/night). A composite score of sleep quality was used and dichotomized as poor none/little of the time or some/most/all of the time. Height and weight were used to calculate body mass index. Associations between sleep and OW/OB were assessed using logistic regression analyses with survey weights. Three models were computed for sleep duration/quality: model without covariates, model adjusted for demographics (age, ethnicity, level of education, household income, marital status, employment, parity, region, and season), and model adjusted for demographics and variables associated with OW/OB (mood disorder, fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol).

RESULTS:

Total sample consisted of 9749 women of childbearing age. Thirty-eight percent had insufficient sleep duration. Sleep duration was significantly associated with OW/OB in the model with no covariates and discriminated 52.8% of women of childbearing age, but this association was no longer significant in the models adjusted for covariates. Sleep quality was not significantly linked to OW/OB in any of the models.

CONCLUSION:

Targeting sleep alone would likely not contribute to lower risk of OW/OB among Canadian women of childbearing age. Additional studies, especially longitudinal ones, are needed to confirm these findings.

KEYWORDS:

Body mass index; Canada; Obesity; Overweight; Sleep; Women

PMID:
29981080
DOI:
10.17269/s41997-018-0071-4

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