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BMC Cancer. 2018 Jul 6;18(1):722. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4649-2.

LIM and SH3 protein 1 regulates cell growth and chemosensitivity of human glioblastoma via the PI3K/AKT pathway.

Author information

1
Neurosurgery Department, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, 646000, China.
2
Department of Clinical Medicine, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.
3
Rheumatism Department, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China.
4
Neurosurgery Department, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, 646000, China. chenligang199066@163.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

LIM and SH3 protein 1 (LASP1) is upregulated in several types of human cancer and implicated in cancer progression. However, the expression and intrinsic function of LASP1 in glioblastoma (GBM) remains unclear.

METHOD:

Oncomine and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was analyzed for the expression and clinical significance of LASP1 in GBM. LASP1 mRNA and protein level were measured by qRT-PCR and western blotting. The effect of LASP1 on GBM proliferation was examined by MTT assay and colony formation assay, the effect of LASP1 on sensitivity of Temozolomide was measured by flow cytometry and subcutaneous tumor model. The association between LASP1 and PI3K/AKT signaling was assessed by western blotting.

RESULTS:

Oncomine GBM dataset analysis indicated LASP1 is significantly upregulated in GBM tissues compared to normal tissues. GBM dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) revealed that high LASP1 expression is related to poor overall survival. LASP1 mRNA and protein in clinical specimens and tumor cell lines are frequently overexpressed. LASP1 knockdown dramatically suppressed U87 and U251 cell proliferation. Silencing LASP1 potentiated cell chemosensitivity to temozolomide in vitro, LASP1 knockdown inhibited tumor growth and enhanced the therapeutic effect of temozolomide in vivo. TCGA dataset analysis indicated LASP1 was correlated with PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and LASP1 deletion inhibited this pathway. Combination treatment with PI3K/AKT pathway inhibitor LY294002 dramatically accelerated the suppression effect of temozolomide.

CONCLUSION:

LASP1 may function as an oncogene in GBM and regulate cell proliferation and chemosensitivity in a PI3K/AKT-dependent mechanism. Thus, the LASP1/PI3K/AKT axis is a promising target and therapeutic strategy for GBM treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Glioblastoma; LIM and SH3 protein 1; PI3K/AKT pathway; Temozolomide

PMID:
29980193
PMCID:
PMC6035445
DOI:
10.1186/s12885-018-4649-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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