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Yonsei Med J. 2018 Aug;59(6):793-797. doi: 10.3349/ymj.2018.59.6.793.

Correction of Eyes and Lip Canting after Bimaxillary Orthognathic Surgery.

Author information

1
Institute for Human Tissue Restoration, Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2
Lee Jina Dental Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
3
Institute for Human Tissue Restoration, Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dhlew@yuhs.ac.

Abstract

Patients who have a lower facial asymmetry with compensatory head posture (developmental facial asymmetry) may have minor temporomandibular (T-M) joint problems and tend to mask their asymmetry by tilting the head for camouflage of their chin deviation. However, this compensatory head posture can give the impression of orbital dystopia and c spine deviation. When these patients undergo bimaxillary orthognathic surgery, orbital canting and head tilting improves gradually without the need for camouflage, and bleary eyes become clearer. We evaluated 13 patients who underwent LeFort I osteotomy combined with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy of the mandible for developmental facial asymmetry to quantitatively observe whole facial postural changes after surgery. Pre-operative and post-operative 1:1 full-face photographs of the patients were analyzed to compare the degrees of head tilting and orbital canting and the sizes of the eye opening. After bimaxillary orthognathic surgery, eye canting decreased from 2.6° to 1.5°, eye and lip lines came closer to parallel, and the degree of head tilting decreased from 3.4° to 1.3°. The eyes also appeared to open wider. Correction of lower facial skeletal asymmetry through bimaxillary orthognathic surgery improved head tilting and orbital canting gradually by eliminating the need of compensatory head posture. Facial expressions also changed as the size of the eyes increased due to the reduction of facial muscle tension caused by T-M joint dysfunction.

KEYWORDS:

Facial asymmetry; maxillofacial orthognathic surgery; treatment outcome

PMID:
29978617
PMCID:
PMC6037602
DOI:
10.3349/ymj.2018.59.6.793
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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