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Int J Mol Sci. 2018 Jul 5;19(7). pii: E1966. doi: 10.3390/ijms19071966.

Biological Activities and Safety of Citrus spp. Essential Oils.

Author information

1
Aromatic Plant Research Center, 230 N 1200 E, Suite 102, Lehi, UT 84043, USA. ndosoky@aromaticplant.org.
2
Aromatic Plant Research Center, 230 N 1200 E, Suite 102, Lehi, UT 84043, USA. wsetzer@chemistry.uah.edu.
3
Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA. wsetzer@chemistry.uah.edu.

Abstract

Citrus fruits have been a commercially important crop for thousands of years. In addition, Citrus essential oils are valuable in the perfume, food, and beverage industries, and have also enjoyed use as aromatherapy and medicinal agents. This review summarizes the important biological activities and safety considerations of the essential oils of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis), bitter orange (Citrus aurantium), neroli (Citrus aurantium), orange petitgrain (Citrus aurantium), mandarin (Citrus reticulata), lemon (Citrus limon), lime (Citrus aurantifolia), grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi), bergamot (Citrus bergamia), Yuzu (Citrus junos), and kumquat (Citrus japonica).

KEYWORDS:

bergamot; bitter orange; grapefruit; kumquat; lemon; lime; mandarin; neroli; orange petitgrain; sweet orange; yuzu

PMID:
29976894
PMCID:
PMC6073409
DOI:
10.3390/ijms19071966
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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