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PLoS One. 2018 Jul 5;13(7):e0198988. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198988. eCollection 2018.

Forelimb musculature and osteological correlates in Sauropodomorpha (Dinosauria, Saurischia).

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CONICET - División Paleontología de Vertebrados, Museo de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina.


This contribution presents the forelimb muscular arrangement of sauropodomorph dinosaurs as inferred by comparisons with living archosaurs (crocodiles and birds) following the Extant Phylogenetic Bracket approach. Forty-one muscles were reconstructed, including lower limb and manus musculature, which prior information available was scarce for sauropodomorphs. A strong emphasis was placed on osteological correlates (such as tubercles, ridges and striae) and comparisons with primitive archosauromorphs are included in order to track these correlates throughout the clade. This should help to elucidate how widespread among other archosaurian groups are these osteological correlates identified in Sauropodomorpha. The ultimate goal of this contribution was to provide an exhaustive guide to muscular identification in fossil archosaurs and to offer solid anatomical bases for future studies based on osteology, myology, functional morphology and systematics.

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