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J Minim Access Surg. 2018 Jun 27. doi: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_113_18. [Epub ahead of print]

Techniques and pitfalls of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair in severe kyphoscoliosis patients.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.
2
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Jiangsu Jiangyin People's Hospital, Jiangsu, China.

Abstract

Background:

Increasing evidence suggests that kyphoscoliosis may play a role in the pathophysiology of paraesophageal hernia development. The presence of severe kyphoscoliosis not only increases the incidence of paraesophageal hernia but also increases the risk of hiatal hernia (HH) repair. Moreover, the technical skills and the pitfalls of laparoscopic repair of HH in this special condition have yet been described.

Methods:

The technical skills, experience and pitfalls of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair in severe kyphoscoliosis patients were described. These include perioperative care of patients' pulmonary function, patients' operating position and trocar placement, and the key steps and risks of laparoscopic HH repair in this special condition.

Results:

Paraesophageal HHs were successfully laparoscopically repaired, and prolonged hospital stay was due to post-operative pulmonary complications.

Conclusion:

These techniques are essential to minimise the perioperative complications in laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair in severe kyphoscoliosis patients, and great pulmonary care is required in these patients.

KEYWORDS:

Fundoplication; hiatal hernia; kyphoscoliosis; laparoscopic; paraesophageal hernia; repair

PMID:
29974871
DOI:
10.4103/jmas.JMAS_113_18
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