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Mol Biol Rep. 2018 Oct;45(5):881-891. doi: 10.1007/s11033-018-4234-4. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Protective role of curcumin in ameliorating AFB1-induced apoptosis via mitochondrial pathway in liver cells.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Basic Veterinary Science, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, People's Republic of China.
2
Heilongjiang Key Laboratory for Animal Disease Control and Pharmaceutical Development, Faculty of Basic Veterinary Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, 600 Changjiang Road, Xiangfang District, Harbin, People's Republic of China.
3
Heilongjiang Key Laboratory for Animal Disease Control and Pharmaceutical Development, Faculty of Basic Veterinary Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, 600 Changjiang Road, Xiangfang District, Harbin, People's Republic of China. zhangxiuying@neau.edu.cn.
4
Department of Basic Veterinary Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, 600 Changjiang Road, Harbin, 150030, Heilongjiang, People's Republic of China. zhangxiuying@neau.edu.cn.

Abstract

It is well documented that liver is the primary target organ of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and curcumin proved to be effective against AFB1-induced liver injury. In the present study, we investigated the preventive effects of curcumin against AFB1-induced apoptosis through the molecular regulation of p53, caspase-3, Bax, caspase-9, Bcl-2 and cytochrome-C associated with mitochondrial pathway. Liver antioxidant levels were measured. The hallmarks of apoptosis were analysed by methyl green-pyronin-Y staining, transmission electron microscopy, RT-PCR and western blot. Results revealed that dietary curcumin ameliorated AFB1-induced oxidative stress in a dose-dependent manner. Methyl green-pyronin-Y staining and transmission electron microscopy showed that AFB1 induced apoptosis and caused abnormal changes in liver cells morphology such as condensation of chromatin material, reduces cell volume and damaged mitochondria. Moreover, mRNA and protein expression results manifested that apoptosis associated genes showed up-regulation in AFB1 fed group. However, the supplementation of dietary curcumin (dose-dependently) alleviated the increased expression of the apoptosis associated genes at mRNA and protein level, and restored the hepatocytes normal morphology. The study provides an insight and a better understanding of the preventive mechanism of curcumin against AFB1-induced apoptosis in hepatocytes and provide scientific basis for the therapeutic uses of curcumin.

KEYWORDS:

AFB1; Apoptosis; Broiler; Curcumin; Mitochondria

PMID:
29974318
DOI:
10.1007/s11033-018-4234-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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