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J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2018 Apr-Jun;36(2):125-129. doi: 10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_1182_17.

Oral manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease in children: A preliminary observational study.

Author information

1
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Aims:

This study aimed to document the prevalence of oral manifestations seen among pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Methodology:

This study was performed at various children's hospitals in Chennai. Fifty-one GERD patients who were assessed by endoscopy and 24 h pH-metry, 31 (60.78%) males and 20 (39.21%) females, aged 2-12 years (mean age, 7.43 years), comprised the study group. All patients answered a detailed frequency questionnaire related to regurgitation and acidic foods and participated in a clinical dental examination.

Statistical Analysis Used:

Data were analyzed using the SPSS statistical software package version 19.

Results:

Among the GERD patients, 42 (82.35%) had dental erosion. A total of 668 (57.98%) deciduous teeth and 484 (42.02%) permanent teeth were examined, of which dental erosion was detected in 248 (21.52%) and 171 (14.84%) teeth, respectively. The most commonly affected primary tooth was the occlusal surface of the maxillary posteriors and commonly affected permanent tooth was occlusal surface of the mandibular molars.

Conclusions:

There may be a positive correlation between GERD and dental erosion. According to this study, presence of erosion, especially in posterior teeth, could be a key to diagnose GERD and refer the child to the gastroenterologist.

KEYWORDS:

Children; dental erosion; gastroesophageal reflux disease; posterior teeth

PMID:
29970628
DOI:
10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_1182_17
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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