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Gen Pharmacol. 1985;16(5):433-40.

Is there a basis for distinguishing two types of P2-purinoceptor?

Abstract

It is suggested that the P2-purinoceptor may be separated into two subtypes largely on the basis of the rank order of agonist potency of structural analogues of ATP and also on the activity of antagonists at the P2-purinoceptor: Subtype 1 (designated P2X), potency order: alpha, beta-methyleneATP, beta, gamma-methyleneATP greater than ATP = 2 methylthioATP; antagonism by ANAPP3 and selectively desensitisation following administration of alpha, beta-methyleneATP; present in the vas deferens and urinary bladder of guinea-pig and rat, frog and rat ventricle, and also in the smooth muscle of the rat femoral artery and rabbit central ear artery, where they mediate excitation. Subtype 2 (designated P2Y), potency order: 2-methylthioATP much greater than ATP greater than alpha, beta-methyleneATP, beta, gamma-methyleneATP; weak antagonism by ANAPP3 and desensitisation following administration of alpha, beta-methyleneATP; present in the guinea-pig taenia coli and the longitudinal muscle layer of the rabbit portal vein, where they mediate relaxation and also on the vascular endothelial cells of the rat femoral artery and pig aorta (where occupation leads to the production of endothelium-derived relaxing factor). Differences in the structure of the P2-purinoceptor in various tissues may be useful in the development of drugs for the treatment of vascular, gastrointestinal and urinoglenital disorders.

PMID:
2996968
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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