Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Food Sci. 2018 Jul;83(7):1941-1947. doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.14112. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Uptake and Transport Mechanism of Dihydromyricetin Across Human Intestinal Caco-2 Cells.

Author information

1
Dept. of Pharmacy, Tongji Hospital Affiliated with Tongji Medical College, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Abstract

A variety of beneficial pharmacological activities have been reported for dihydromyricetin (DMY), however, its oral bioavailability is poor and the intestinal absorption profiles of DMY remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the uptake and transport mechanism of DMY in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. DMY was detected using a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method. Several factors including time, concentration, pH, temperature and efflux transporters were systematically evaluated. DMY was poorly absorbed by a passive diffusion mechanism. The uptake and transport of DMY were time and concentration dependent. Interestingly, decreasing the pH from 8.0 to 6.0 markedly enhanced the DMY uptake, but didn't significantly affect its bidirectional transport. Efflux transporters, multidrug resistance protein 2 and breast cancer resistance protein also influenced the DMY uptake and transport processes. This work details the uptake and transport characteristics of DMY and provides basis for future study.

PRACTICAL APPLICATION:

This study elucidated the uptake and transport characteristics of dihydromyricetin (DMY). DMY was poorly absorbed by a passive diffusion mechanism. The uptake and transport of DMY were time and concentration dependent. Interestingly, pH affected DMY uptake but not its bidirectional transport. MRP2 and BCRP were involved in the uptake and transport of DMY, which hindered the absorption of DMY in the intestinal. Thus, the present study may provide useful information for designing DMY delivery systems and avoiding DMY-drug interactions.

KEYWORDS:

Ampelopsis grossedentata; Caco-2 cells; dihydromyricetin; transport; uptake

PMID:
29969512
DOI:
10.1111/1750-3841.14112
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center