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Radiology. 2018 Sep;288(3):694-702. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2018171303. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Hybrid SPECT Perfusion Imaging and Coronary CT Angiography: Long-term Prognostic Value for Cardiovascular Outcomes.

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From the Department of Nuclear Medicine (A.P.P., D.C.B., C.G., M.A.M., F.M., E.v.F., T.A.F., B.H.M., J.S., O.G., R.R.B., P.A.K.) and Department of Cardiology, University Heart Center (A.P.P., T.F.L., O.G.), University Hospital Zurich, Ramistr 100, NUK D 6, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland.


Purpose To determine the value of cardiac hybrid imaging, performed by combining SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with coronary CT angiography, as a long-term predictor for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) (death, myocardial infarction [MI], unstable angina requiring hospitalization, coronary revascularization). Materials and Methods For this retrospective single-center study, 428 patients referred between May 2005 and December 2008 were classified according to hybrid imaging findings into the following groups: (a) those with stenosis of 50% or greater (at coronary CT angiography) with ischemia (at SPECT) in subtended territory (matched), (b) those with coronary CT angiography and/or SPECT findings in unrelated territories (unmatched), and (c) those with normal findings at coronary CT angiography and SPECT. End points were all-cause death or MI ("hard events") and a composite of MACEs. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to identify survival free of MACEs, and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to determine independent predictors for MACE. Results During a median follow-up of 6.8 years, a total of 160 MACEs, including 45 deaths, were observed in the final study population (mean age, 62 years ± 11 [standard deviation]; 132 women). The annual hard event rate was more than fivefold higher for patients with matched findings (n = 46 [7.0%]) and was threefold higher for patients with unmatched findings (n = 113 [3.7%]) compared with that for patients with normal findings (1.2%; n = 216 [1.2%]; P < .001). The MACE rates were 21.8%, 9.0%, and 2.4% for matched, unmatched, and normal findings, respectively. A matched finding was an independent predictor for MACE and hard events. Conclusion In patients evaluated for coronary artery disease, cardiac hybrid imaging is an excellent long-term predictor of adverse cardiac events. A matched hybrid finding is associated with a high annual cardiac event rate. © RSNA, 2018.

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