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Cell. 1985 Oct;42(3):913-21.

Functional selection and analysis of yeast centromeric DNA.


A direct selection procedure has been used to isolate 11 distinct yeast genomic DNA fragments that eliminate the extreme segregation bias characteristic of autonomously replicating yeast plasmids. The selection scheme takes advantage of the fact that the cloned ochre suppressing tRNA gene, SUP11, is lethal at high copy number and therefore causes cell death when present on an ARS plasmid that lacks a cis-acting partition function. Each of the cloned DNA sequences was mapped to specific yeast chromosomes by hybridization to chromosome-sized DNA molecules separated by alternating field electrophoresis. Ten of the cloned fragments correspond to chromosomal centromeres; one fragment corresponds to the cis-acting locus required for endogenous 2 mu plasmid stability. Nucleotide sequence comparison of the ten centromere DNAs gives a new picture of conserved centromere DNA elements.

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