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Nutrients. 2018 Jun 29;10(7). pii: E846. doi: 10.3390/nu10070846.

Dietary Intake and Food Sources of Niacin, Riboflavin, Thiamin and Vitamin B₆ in a Representative Sample of the Spanish Population. The Anthropometry, Intake, and Energy Balance in Spain (ANIBES) Study †.

Author information

1
ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Technical University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain. juankaya@msn.com.
2
Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and physiology of University of Valladolid, 42003 Soria, Spain. juankaya@msn.com.
3
ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Technical University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain. apariciougarriza.raquel@gmail.com.
4
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, and Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Granada, 18100 Granada, Spain. jolza@ugr.es.
5
CIBEROBN (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition CB12/03/30038), Carlos III Institute (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain. lluis.serra@ulpgc.es.
6
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, C/Irunlarrea 1, 3100 Pamplona, Spain. lluis.serra@ulpgc.es.
7
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, and Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Granada, 18100 Granada, Spain. agil@ugr.es.
8
CIBEROBN (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition CB12/03/30038), Carlos III Institute (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain. agil@ugr.es.
9
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Complutense University of Madrid, Plaza Ramón y Cajal s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain. rortega@ucm.es.
10
Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, C/Doctor Pasteur s/n Trasera del Hospital, 35016 Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain. lluis.serra@ulpgc.es.
11
Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, CEU San Pablo University, 28668 Madrid, Spain. gvarela@ceu.es.
12
Spanish Nutrition Foundation (FEN), 28010 Madrid, Spain. gvarela@ceu.es.
13
ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Technical University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain. marcela.gonzalez.gross@upm.es.
14
CIBEROBN (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition CB12/03/30038), Carlos III Institute (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain. marcela.gonzalez.gross@upm.es.

Abstract

Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin B₆ are essential micronutrients that are mainly involved in energy metabolism; they may prevent the occurrence of developmental abnormalities and chronic degenerative and neoplastic diseases. The aim was to analyze dietary intake and food sources of those four nutrients in subjects (n = 2009) aged 9⁻75 years old from the Spanish ANIBES (Anthropometry, Intake, and Energy Balance in Spain) study. Dietary data were collected by means of a validated, photo-based three-day dietary food record. Underreporting was analysed according to the European Food and Safety Authority (EFSA, Parma, Italy) protocol. Mean (max⁻min) reported intake for the whole population of thiamin was 1.17 ± 0.02 mg/day, (0.30⁻3.44 mg/day), riboflavin 1.44 ± 0.02 mg/day, (0.37⁻3.54 mg/day), niacin 29.1 ± 0.2 mg/day (6.7⁻109 mg/day), and vitamin B₆ 1.54 ± 0.01 mg/day (0.28⁻9.30 mg/day). The main sources of intake for thiamin, niacin, and vitamin B₆ were meat and meat products, and for riboflavin were milk and dairy products. An elevated percentage of the Spanish ANIBES population meets the EFSA recommended intakes for thiamin (71.2%), riboflavin (72.0%), niacin (99.0%), and vitamin B₆ (77.2%).

KEYWORDS:

ANIBES study; b-related vitamins; food intake; misreporting

PMID:
29966236
PMCID:
PMC6073544
DOI:
10.3390/nu10070846
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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