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Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2018 Jun 26. doi: 10.1097/ICB.0000000000000759. [Epub ahead of print]

MULTIMODAL IMAGING OF FOCAL CHOROIDAL EXCAVATION COMPLICATED BY CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION IN A PATIENT WITH ANGIOID STREAKS AND PSEUDOXANTHOMA ELASTICUM.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe a case of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) complicated with Type-2 choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in a patient with angioid streaks secondary to pseudoxanthoma elasticum before and after treatment with bevacizumab.

METHODS:

Fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and SD-OCT angiography were performed in a 60-year-old white woman with angioid streaks and bilateral FCE. Spectral domain OCT images were taken before and after three-monthly intravitreal injections of bevacizumab. Histopathological analysis of the dermis established the diagnosis of pseudoxanthoma elasticum.

RESULTS:

Multimodal imaging revealed bilateral FCE and CNV. Spectral domain OCT diagnosed bilateral FCE and Type-1 and Type-2 CNV in the right eye, and irregular vascular network, along macular streak, in both eyes, which were not observed on fluorescein neither on indocyanine green angiography, but only on SD-OCT angiography. Patient presented good anatomical and functional response to intravitreal injections of bevacizumab.

CONCLUSION:

Focal choroidal excavation is a rare condition detected mainly by SD-OCT, which may be associated with angioid streaks secondary to pseudoxanthoma elasticum and complicated by CNV. Multimodal imaging is important for diagnosis and follow-up of such patients, even in the absence of signs of CNV, and anatomical and functional response to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy is good.

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