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Vet Q. 1985 Jul;7(3):191-7.

Vaccines against Aujeszky's disease: evaluation of their efficacy under standardized laboratory conditions.

Abstract

A standardized test was developed to compare the efficacy of Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV) vaccines under laboratory conditions. Per test 3 groups of 6 to 8 sero-negative pigs were used. The first vaccination was done at 10 weeks of age. One group was vaccinated once, another was vaccinated twice and the 3rd served as control. Pigs were challenge exposed to the virulent NIA-3 strain of ADV 12 weeks after the first vaccination. Apart from mortality, average periods of growth arrest, fever and virus shedding after challenge were used as parameters to evaluate vaccine efficacy. Two inactivated and 4 attenuated vaccines were tested. Two attenuated vaccine viruses were excreted after vaccination. Despite maximal standardization, a considerable variation still existed between the experiments in mortality and growth arrest periods of control pigs after challenge. However, the controls were always more severely affected than the vaccinated pigs. All vaccines except one were effective in preventing death after challenge, but none conferred complete protection. Most vaccinated pigs still lost weight, developed fever and shed virus after challenge. Revaccination after 3 or 4 weeks had little effect, particularly with the attenuated vaccines. The results of the present study indicate that 2 of the attenuated vaccines conferred the best protection, 1 attenuated vaccine appeared to be as effective as the 2 inactivated ones, and the 4th attenuated vaccine was least effective.

PMID:
2996210
DOI:
10.1080/01652176.1985.9693982
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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