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Nutr Diabetes. 2018 Jul 2;8(1):39. doi: 10.1038/s41387-018-0049-6.

Raspberry alleviates obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) α1.

Author information

1
Department of Animal Sciences, Nutrigenomics and Growth Biology laboratory, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 99164, USA.
2
Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330045, China.
3
School of Food Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 99164, USA.
4
Department of Animal Sciences, Nutrigenomics and Growth Biology laboratory, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 99164, USA. min.du@wsu.edu.
5
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Food Science & Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100194, China. min.du@wsu.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Through dynamic means, etiological factors, including chronic inflammation and insulin resistance have the potential to perpetuate metabolic incidences such as type 2 diabetes and obesity. Abatement of such syndromes can be achieved by complex mechanisms initiated through bioactive compounds such as polyphenols derived from fruits. Using a whole-fruit approach, the effects of dietary red raspberry, which is rich in polyphenols, on inflammatory responses and insulin resistance in the skeletal muscles of Mus musculus were studied along with the potential role of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) to act as a key mediator.

SUBJECTS:

Wild-type (WT) mice and mice deficient in the catalytic subunit (α1) of AMPK (AMPKα1-/-) were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) or HFD supplemented with raspberry (5% dry weight) for 10 weeks. Factors involved in inflammatory responses, insulin signaling transduction, and mitochondrial biogenesis were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Dietary raspberry reduced ectopic lipid storage, alleviated inflammation responses, improved whole-body insulin sensitivity, and promoted mitochondrial biogenesis in the skeletal muscle of WT mice, but not AMPKα1-/- mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

AMPKα1 is an important mediator for the beneficial effects of raspberry through alleviating inflammatory responses and sensitizing insulin signaling in skeletal muscle of HFD-fed mice.

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