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Conscious Cogn. 2018 Aug;63:74-88. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2018.05.012. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Exploring the effects of galantamine paired with meditation and dream reliving on recalled dreams: Toward an integrated protocol for lucid dream induction and nightmare resolution.

Author information

1
Dept. of Counseling, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, 1201 W. University Dr., Edinburg, TX 78539, United States. Electronic address: gregory.sparrow@utrgv.edu.
2
Dept. of Psychology, John F. Kennedy University, Orinda, CA, United States.
3
Dept. of Educational Psychology, 1201 W. University Dr., University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, TX 78539, United States.

Abstract

An experimental home study examined the impact of a pre-sleep protocol for enhancing self-awareness, lucidity, and responsiveness in dreams. It included ingesting the cholinesterase inhibitor galantamine--which is widely reported to increase the frequency of lucid dreaming--prior to engaging in middle-of-the-night meditation and the imaginary reliving of a distressing dream while exercising new responses. Thirty-five participants completed an eight-night study, which included pre- and post-baseline nights and six conditions: waking for 40 min before returning to bed, called Wake-Back-to-Bed (WBTB); Wake-Back-to-Bed plus placebo (WBTB + P); Wake-Back-to-Bed plus galantamine (WBTB + G); meditation and dream reliving (MDR); meditation and dream reliving plus placebo (MDR + P); and meditation and dream reliving plus galantamine (MDR + G). The outcome measures included lucidity, reflectiveness, interactive behavior, role change, constructive action, and fear and threat, as measured by the participants' self-ratings. The results support the use of this protocol in further studies of lucid dream induction and nightmare/trauma resolution.

KEYWORDS:

Dream reliving; Galantamine; Lucid dream; Meditation; Trauma resolution

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