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J Contemp Dent Pract. 2018 Jun 1;19(6):690-697.

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Guava Extract as an Antimicrobial Agent on Periodontal Pathogens.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontics, Pacific Academy of Higher Education and Research University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
2
Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates, Phone: +971563019421, e-mail: raghavendra77@yahoo.com.
3
Department of Pharmacology, Vaagdevi College of Pharmacy Warangal, Telangana, India.
4
Department of Orthodontics, Chhattisgarh Dental College & Research Institute, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India.
5
Department of Periodontics, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Sangli Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

AIM:

The present study was undertaken to assess the inhibitory effect of guava extracts on Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacteractinomycetemcomitans, to assess the time-kill curve of P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans, and to determine the antiproteolytic activity of guava on P. gingivalis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Kanamycin blood agar was used to isolate P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans. Ethanolic guava extract (EGE) and aqueous guava extract (AGE) were prepared and the inhibitory effects of these extracts for two periodontal pathogens were tested by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) procedures. Antibacterial activity of guava extracts was determined by well diffusion method. Antiproteolytic activity of guava on protease of P. gingivalis was determined by gelatin liquefaction test.

RESULTS:

The MIC determined for AGE and EGE was at 75 μL/mL concentration for P. gingivalis, whereas EGE exhibited the activity at 75 μL/mL on P. gingivalis. The MIC determined for AGE was at 50 μL/mL for A. actinomycetemcomitans, whereas MIC determined for EGE was at 3.12 μL/mL for A. actinomycetemcomitans. Porphyromonas gingivalis was susceptible to EGE compared with AGE. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans was more susceptible to guava extracts compared with P. gingivalis.

CONCLUSION:

Guava extract may be a potential therapeutic agent for periodontitis as it shows significant activity against both P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

Guava leaves extract can be used as economical and suitable adjuvant to synthetic drugs and can be a potential therapeutic agent for periodontitis.

KEYWORDS:

Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans; Antimicrobial; Guava; Porphyromonas gingivalis Psidium guajava.

PMID:
29959298
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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