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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 Aug;111:170-173. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.06.016. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Electrical dynamic range is only weakly associated with auditory performance and speech recognition in long-term users of cochlear implants.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology- Head & Neck Surgery, CHA University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology- Head & Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology- Head & Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: parkaseptic@daum.net.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The electrical dynamic range (EDR) has been suggested to be related to auditory performance in cochlear implant (CI) users. However, few reports have evaluated postlingual CI users who have used CIs for long periods in comparison with prelingual CI users. Here, we evaluated auditory perception and speech performance in terms of the EDR in long-term CI users. The EDR, and auditory and speech performances, were compared between pre- and post-lingual CI users.

METHODS:

We enrolled all patients who received CIs from April 2000 to December 2010 at Seoul National University Hospital, and who had ≥5 years of experience with CIs. The EDRs affording subjective responses at the threshold level (T-level) and comfortable level (C-level) were analyzed in terms of their relationships with pure tone audiometry levels, speech evaluation scores, including those on the Phonetically Balanced (PB) Word List test, vowel and consonant tests, a sentence test, and the Korean version of the Central Institute for the Deaf (K-CID) test; we also calculated Category in Auditory Performance (CAP) scores.

RESULTS:

We found no significant difference in the average EDR, CAP, K-CID, PB word, consonant, or vowel scores between pre- and post-lingual CI users. The EDR was weakly associated with the PB word (P = 0.003, r = 0.462) and consonant scores (P = 0.005, r = 0.438). Other speech evaluations, such as the CAP, K-CID, and vowel scores, were not significantly associated with the EDR T-level. We found no association between pure tone thresholds at 0.5, 1, or 2 kHz, and the speech evaluation scores or EDRs of low-, middle-, or high-frequency channels.

CONCLUSIONS:

The EDR was only weakly associated with speech performance, such as scores on consonant and PB word tests in long-term CI users, irrespective of pre- or post-lingual deafness status.

KEYWORDS:

Cochlear implantation; Consonant; Dynamic range; Speech performance

PMID:
29958604
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.06.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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