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Psychol Rep. 2019 Aug;122(4):1259-1296. doi: 10.1177/0033294118785577. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Attachment as a Core Feature of Resilience: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Department, Region Zealand, Denmark; Psychiatric Research Unit, Region Zealand, Denmark; Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Department, Psychiatric Research Unit, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
2
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Department, Region Zealand, Denmark.
3
Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families, London, UK.
4
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Department, Psychiatric Research Unit, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
5
Psychiatric Research Unit, Region Zealand, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Research has pointed to secure attachment as a possible key factor of resilience in adulthood.

OBJECTIVE:

We aimed to investigate the role of secure attachment as a potential core feature in the properties of resilience.

METHODS:

We conducted a systematic review in accordance with PRISMA guidelines followed by a meta-analysis.

RESULTS:

Thirty-three studies were included in the review, and 10 of these, including 2305 subjects, were used for meta-analysis. The raw correlation coefficients ranged from .20 to .57, which indicated weak to moderate correlations between resilience and attachment. The synthesized correlation coefficients indicated that the correlations were significant and highly unlikely to be due to random variation. All studies are also reported on qualitatively.

CONCLUSIONS:

In both of our meta-analyses and in the narratively reported studies, we found that secure attachment is associated with the presence of resilience.

KEYWORDS:

Attachment; meta-analysis; resilience; systematic review

PMID:
29958512
DOI:
10.1177/0033294118785577

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