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Am J Surg Pathol. 2018 Oct;42(10):1325-1333. doi: 10.1097/PAS.0000000000001109.

EWSR1-SMAD3-rearranged Fibroblastic Tumor: An Emerging Entity in an Increasingly More Complex Group of Fibroblastic/Myofibroblastic Neoplasms.

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Department of Pathology.
Biomedical Center, Charles University Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen.
Bioptical Laboratory Ltd, Pilsen.
Department of Pathology, Robert J. Tomsich Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.
Institute of Pathology, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.
Department of Pathology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
Cytopathos Ltd, Bratislava, Slovakia.


Three cases of superficial acral fibroblastic spindle cell neoplasms with EWSR1-SMAD3 fusion have been recently reported. Their differential diagnosis is broad, primarily comprising rare tumors from the fibroblastic/myofibroblastic category. The aim of this report is to present 4 new cases of this entity and to discuss the appropriate differential diagnosis. Also, as the ERG antibody seems to be a characteristic marker for these tumors, we analyzed ERG immunostaining characteristics in potential mimics of this entity. All cases in our cohort occurred in women aged 5 to 68 years (mean, 36.5 y). Two were located on the hand, 1 on foot, and the last case arose on the calf. The tumor size ranged from 1 to 1.5 cm in the greatest dimension, with a mean size of 1.2 cm. Except for one recent case, follow-up was available, ranging from 7 to 18 years (mean, 11.7 y), with a recurrence noted in 1 case after 10 years. All tumors were subcutaneous and showed 2 main components. One consisted of bland, spindled cells with elongated nuclei which were round when observed on the cross-section. These cells mostly grew in relatively hypercellular, well-organized, and intersecting fascicles. The second component was prominently hyalinized and paucicellular, but lacked calcifications. Both components showed either a distinct zonation pattern, or they were randomly intermingled with each other. In all 3 analyzable tumors, next-generation sequencing showed EWSR1-SMAD3 gene fusion in each case. By fluorescence in situ hybridization, one tested case also revealed unbalanced rearrangement of the EWSR1 gene. All 4 cases showed strong, diffuse nuclear expression of ERG, whereas none of the mimics stained with this antibody except for weak to moderate staining in calcifying aponeurotic fibromas (9/10 cases). Two tumors showed focal weak to moderate expression of SAT-B2. The 4 herein presented cases further broaden the clinicopathologic spectrum of tumors with EWSR1-SMAD3 gene fusion. They also confirm that they represent a novel entity for which we propose the name EWSR1-SMAD3-rearranged fibroblastic Tumor. Our study also proves that in the context of fibroblastic/myofibroblastic tumors, ERG immunohistochemistry is a relatively specific marker for these neoplasms.

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