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Respir Med. 2018 Jul;140:11-20. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2018.05.009. Epub 2018 May 17.

Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis - A systematic analysis of new cases.

Author information

1
Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Department of Pneumology, Germany.
2
Medical School Hannover, Department of Pneumology, Germany.
3
LMU Munich, Department of Pathology, Germany.
4
Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Department of Radiology, Germany.
5
Department of Pathology Klinikum Bielefeld Mitte, Germany.
6
Ghent University Hospital, Belgium.
7
Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany.
8
Universitätsklinikum Essen, Germany.
9
VU University Medical Center, The Netherlands.
10
University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
11
University of Aarhus, Denmark.
12
Universitätsklinik Göttingen, Germany.
13
Praxis, Buchholz, Germany.
14
Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Department of Pneumology, Germany. Electronic address: Matthias.griese@med.uni-muenchen.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG) is a rare paediatric interstitial lung disease of unknown cause. The diagnosis can only be made by lung biopsy. Less than 100 cases have been reported. Clinical features, treatment and outcomes have rarely been assessed systematically in decent cohorts of patients.

METHODS:

In this retrospective multicentre study, the clinical presentation, radiologic findings, pattern of lung biopsy, extrapulmonary comorbidities, treatment and outcome of eleven children with PIG were collected systematically.

RESULTS:

10/11 children presented with respiratory distress immediatly after birth and 8/11 needed invasive ventilation. In 8/11 children extrapulmonary comorbidities were present, congenital heart defects being the most common. 7/11 children received systemic glucocorticoids and of these four showed a clear favorable response. During a median follow-up of 3.0 years (range 0.42-12.0) one child died, while 10 patients improved. Chest CT-scans showed ground-glass opacities (7/10), consolidations (6/10), linear opacities (5/10) and mosaic attenuation (4/10) without uniform pattern. Besides interstitial thickening related to undifferentiated glycogen positive mesenchymal cells all tissue samples showed growth abnormalities with reduced alveolarization.

CONCLUSIONS:

PIG is associated with alveolar growth abnormalities and has to be considered in all newborns with unexplained respiratory distress. Apparent treatment benefit of glucocorticosteroids needs to be evaluated systematically.

KEYWORDS:

Diffuse parenchymal lung disease; Infants; Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis; children's interstitial lung disease

PMID:
29957271
DOI:
10.1016/j.rmed.2018.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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