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J Neurosci. 1985 Oct;5(10):2786-800.

Topography of cytochrome oxidase activity in owl monkey cortex.

Abstract

In primate cortical tissue which has been stained for the mitochondrial enzyme cytochrome oxidase, a topographical pattern of regularly spaced blobs has been demonstrated in primary visual cortex (Hendrickson, A. E., S. P. Hunt, and J. -Y. Wu (1981) Nature 292: 605-607; Horton, J. C., and D. H. Hubel (1981) Nature 292: 762-764), and a pattern of stripes has been shown in secondary visual cortex (V2) as well (Livingstone, M. S., and D. H. Hubel (1982) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 79: 6098-6101; Tootell, R. B. H., M. S. Silverman, E. Switkes, and R. L. De Valois (1982) Soc. Neurosci. Abstr. 8: 707). These regular cytoarchitectonic landmarks have proven extremely useful in parsing the functional and anatomical architecture of these two cortical areas. In order to look for similar landmarks in other cortical areas of a primate, we completely unfolded the cortical gray matter in the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus), sectioned it parallel with the flattened cortical surface, and stained the tissue for cytochrome oxidase. Distinctive cytochrome oxidase topographies were found in about seven different cortical areas. As in other primates, area V1 is characterized by blobs and area V2 is characterized by strips. In the owl monkey, area MT is characterized by an elaborate topography of dark staining in layers 1 to 4, interspersed with light blob-shaped regions, and partially surrounded by a dark ring. Many of these topographic inhomogeneities are also reflected in the lower layer myelination topography in MT. Visual area(s) VP/VA is characterized by an irregular or strip-like topography. In some animals, a distinctive topography can be seen in area DX, which is presumably equivalent to either area DM or DI. Primary auditory cortex stains very darkly, but the overall shape of area A is quite variable and the borders are indistinct. Somatosensory area 3B stains quite darkly with sharp borders, but again the overall shape of area 3B is different from that previously described.

PMID:
2995611
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