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J Infect Dis. 1985 Oct;152(4):716-21.

The role of exoenzyme S in infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa.


To define the contribution of exoenzyme S to the pathogenesis of infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, we have compared the ability of an exoenzyme S-deficient mutant, 388 exs1::Tn1, and that of its exoenzyme S-producing parent to colonize and disseminate in burned mice infected with this organism. Both the exoenzyme S-deficient mutant and the parent strain proliferated in burned skin, but only the parent strain was able to effectively disseminate to blood and other tissues. The reduced ability of the mutant to disseminate was not due to alterations in serum sensitivity, lipopolysaccharide composition, or motility. The exoenzyme S-deficient mutant was able to disseminate in the presence of the exoenzyme S-producing parent. Antibody to purified exoenzyme S was able to greatly reduce dissemination of the exoenzyme S-producing parent strain but did not prevent colonization in the burned skin. These data suggest that exoenzyme S does not contribute to the initial colonization but does contribute to the establishment of disseminated infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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