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Nutrients. 2018 Jun 26;10(7). pii: E825. doi: 10.3390/nu10070825.

Beverage Consumption Patterns among Infants and Young Children (0⁻47.9 Months): Data from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study, 2016.

Author information

1
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr, Durham, NC 27708, USA. Melissa.Kay@duke.edu.
2
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr, Durham, NC 27708, USA. emily.welker@duke.edu.
3
Nestlé Research Center, Vers-Chez-les-Blanc, Route du Jorat 57, Case Postale 44, 1000 Lausanne-26, Switzerland. Emma.Jacquier@rd.nestle.com.
4
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr, Durham, NC 27708, USA. mary.story@duke.edu.

Abstract

(1) Background: Data about early life beverage intake patterns is sparse. We describe beverage patterns among infants and young children from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016. (2) Methods: FITS 2016 is a cross-sectional survey of U.S. parents/caregivers of children 0⁻47.9 months (n = 3235). Food and beverage intakes were collected by 24-h dietary recalls to describe beverage consumption patterns including: a) prevalence of consumption, per capita and per consumer intake, b) contribution to intake of calories and key nutrients, and c) prevalence according to eating occasions. (3) Results: Breast milk and infant formula were commonly consumed among <12-month-olds. Among 12⁻23.9-month-olds, the most commonly consumed beverage was whole milk (67% consuming), followed by 100% juice (50% consuming). Plain drinking water was consumed by 70% of 12⁻23.9-month-olds and 78% of 24⁻47.9-month-olds. Among 12⁻47.9-month-olds, milks provided more energy and key nutrients than all other beverages. Across eating occasions, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption, especially in the form of fruit-flavored drinks, was higher among 24⁻47.9 compared to 12⁻23.9-month-olds. Only 23⁻32% of &ge;12-month-olds consumed milk or water at lunch or dinner. (4) Conclusions: Opportunities exist to improve beverage patterns. Future interventions may benefit from focusing on timely introduction of age-appropriate beverages and reducing consumption of SSBs.

KEYWORDS:

FITS 2016; Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study; beverage intake; breastfeeding; infants; juice; milk; preschoolers; sugar-sweetened beverages; toddlers; water

PMID:
29949886
PMCID:
PMC6073729
DOI:
10.3390/nu10070825
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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