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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2018 Jun 26. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gly143. [Epub ahead of print]

Essential physiological differences characterise short- and long-lived strains of Drosophila melanogaster.

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Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics RAS, Pushchino, Russia.
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Lleida-IRBLleida, Lleida, Spain.
Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University Institute for Ageing, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.
Centro Andaluz de BiologĂ­a del Desarrollo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide-CSIC, and CIBERER, ISCIII, Seville, Spain.
Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences and BioMediTech Institute, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.


Aging is a multifactorial process which affects all animals. Aging as a result of damage accumulation is the most accepted explanation but the proximal causes remain to be elucidated. There is also evidence indicating that aging has an important genetic component. Animal species age at different rates and specific signalling pathways, such as insulin/insulin-like growth factor, can regulate lifespan of individuals within a species by reprogramming cells in response to environmental changes. Here, we use an unbiased approach to identify novel factors that regulate lifespan in Drosophila melanogaster. We compare the transcriptome and metabolome of two wild-type strains used widely in aging research: short-lived Dahomey and long-lived Oregon R flies. We found that Dahomey flies carry several traits associated with short-lived individuals and species such as increased lipoxidative stress, decreased mitochondrial gene expression and increased Target of Rapamycin signalling. Dahomey flies also have upregulated octopamine signalling known to stimulate foraging behaviour. Accordingly, we present evidence that increased foraging behaviour, under laboratory conditions where nutrients are in excess increases damage generation and accelerates aging. In summary, we have identified several new pathways, which influence longevity highlighting the contribution and importance of the genetic component of aging.


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